This caricature by Adolf Oberländer (1845–1923) depicts a Jewish burgher proudly displaying his new patent of rank and title. The caption reads: “The Commercial Councilor before and after his decoration.” Source: “Der Herr Commerzienrath vor und nach seiner Decorierung,” Fliegende Blätter 81, no. 2053 (1884), p. 173.

“The Commercial Councilor” (1884)

  • Adolf Oberländer


Source: Fliegende Blätter 81, no. 2053 (1884), p. 173. Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.11588/diglit.2132#0177

Beth Irwin Lewis, Art for All? The Collision of Modern Art and the Public in Late-Nineteenth-Century Germany. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

“The Commercial Councilor” (1884), published in: German History in Documents and Images, <https://germanhistorydocs.org/en/forging-an-empire-bismarckian-germany-1866-1890/ghdi:image-1273> [December 07, 2023].