As a representative of economic nationalism, Friedrich List (1789–1846) advocated protective tariffs on foreign manufactured goods imported into the German states. He believed that these tariffs would assist the growth of developing industries. Within the German states, however, he favored free trade and occupational freedom. Portrait by Caroline Hövemeyer, 1839.

Portrait of Friedrich List (1839)

  • Heinz Höpfl


Source: Original: Reutlingen, Heimatmuseum

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