At the end of the war, a great many German cities were in ruins from
Allied bombing raids and ground fighting. The destruction and housing
loss were especially severe in West Germany’s industrial centers along
the Rhine, Ruhr, and Main rivers, as well as in nearly all major cities.
The destruction was less extensive in southern Germany, Saxony, and
Thuringia. Please note that this map was not based on a complete,
uniform survey, and that the comparative data required qualification.
Nonetheless, the map still makes clear the challenges of
The black segment reflects the percentage of housing destroyed during