Abstract

On September 22, 1984, Helmut Kohl and François Mitterand had joined hands in a symbolic moment at Verdun. As an equivalent to this historic gesture, Helmut Kohl invited U.S. President Ronald Reagan to make a joint visit to the Bitburg Military Cemetery in West Germany. Forty years after the end of the war, this visit was supposed to be a gesture of reconciliation. Among the 2,000 soldiers buried in Bitburg also were about 50 members of the Waffen-SS, however, and this fact sparked vehement protests in some quarters, both in Germany and abroad. This picture shows (from left to right) President Ronald Reagan, General Matthew B. Ridgway (Commander of the 82nd Paratrooper Division during WW II), General Johannes Steinhoff (Luftwaffe pilot during WW II) and Chancellor Helmut Kohl during a wreath-laying ceremony on May 5, 1985.

Helmut Kohl and Ronald Reagan at the Military Cemetery in Bitburg (May 5, 1985)

Source

Source: U.S. President Reagan, Chancellor Kohl, retired generals Ridgway (U.S.) and Steinhoff (Federal Republic) shake hands in Bitburg. Date: May 5, 1985. Photo: IN-Press/ Bundesbildstelle. Bundesrepublik Deutschland – Fotodienst 2 – 1985/ no. 1898.

Courtesy of the German Information Center

Helmut Kohl and Ronald Reagan at the Military Cemetery in Bitburg (May 5, 1985), published in: German History in Documents and Images, <https://germanhistorydocs.org/en/two-germanies-1961-1989/ghdi:image-2508> [December 01, 2022].